Last course update: 4 Jan 2022

The World's Most Popular ECG & Echocardiography Book

Master the ECG using our comprehensive ebook and accompanying video lectures, ECG tests, which covers all topics, from basic cardiac electrophysiology to advanced ECG interpretation and clinical management. It is suitable for anyone interested in ECG interpretation, e.g physicians, assistant physicians, nurses, paramedics, EMTs, biomedical analysts, students, and researchers. The Clinical Echocardiography ebook enables you to use echocardiography to its fullest potential in your initial diagnosis, decision making, and clinical management of patients with a wide range of heart diseases.

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You are fully protected by our 100% No-Risk-Double-Guarantee. If you don’t like our course over the next 14 days, then we will happily refund 100% of your money. No questions asked.

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All chapters are in line with guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA), the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the European Society for Cardiology (ESC) and the International Society for Holter and Non-Invasive Electrocardiology (ISHNE).

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

No, this is not a subscription. The membership is permanent and gives you permanent and unlimited access to the entire website without any recurring costs.

The purpose of ecgwaves.com is to fill an important gap in ECG education. Because most clinicians and students experience ECG interpretation as complicated, they often turn to books that present it as something simple. Such books tend to oversimplify the concepts, leaving out important clinical aspects, necessary discussions on differential diagnoses and clinical management. The purpose of ecgwaves.com is to provide an e-book that covers every aspect of clinical ECG interpretation, from pathophysiology to evidence based clinical management.

The ECG book is very detailed, yet easy to understand. Every chapter and topic is built up gradually, so that students and beginners are able to comprehend with ease. Details are provided successively, so that even the most experienced clinician (including cardiologists and electrophysiologists) will find it useful. Our users include the whole spectrum of health care personnel, including students, physicians, PAs, nurses, paramedics, EMTs, BMAs, researchers etc.

The ECG book is very detailed, yet easy to understand. Every chapter and topic is built up gradually, so that students and beginners are able to comprehend with ease. Details are provided successively, so that even the most experienced clinician (including cardiologists and electrophysiologists) will find it useful. Our users include the whole spectrum of health care personnel, including students, physicians, PAs, nurses, paramedics, EMTs, BMAs, researchers etc.

ecgwaves.com includes (1) a complete and comprehensive e-book on clinical ECG interpretation (consisting roughly of 400 A4-pages), (2) a comprehensive section on coronary artery disease and (3) a section on exercise stress testing. All chapters and sections are combined together, which you can view in Course overview. The membership gives you access to the entire content.

Yes, you can! To buy multiple memberships for a team (clinic, class, company etc), please see our Group Access.

Feel free to contact us to issue a refund if the course did not meet your expectations.

We’re launching an iPhone/Android app in September 2020. All users who have bought a membership (at any time) will gain access to the app and, thus, have access to all our content online (via www.ecgwaves.com) and via the iPhone/Android app. There are no additional costs for downloading the app and you will login using your ECGwaves.com username and password.

No. ecgwaves.com includes ECG test, video lectures, book chapters and much more. All of these components are updated every week, with additions to chapters and videos etc. You do have, however, access to the entire site permanently when you register as a member.

Numerous academic institutions and hospitals use ecgwaves.com. Discounts are available. If you represent an academic institution or hospital, please contact us for further information. User accounts are usually created with 1 to 2 business days.

The author

Dr Araz Rawshani, MD, PhD

The ECG book is authored by Dr Araz Rawshani (MD, PhD) from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Dr Rawshani is a cardiovascular researcher with an interest in acute and cardiovascular medicine, as well as diabetology. His research encompasses clinical studies, basic science, and interventional trials. Dr Rawshani has published papers in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, JAMA (Internal Medicine), The British Medical Journal, etc. Dr Rawshani serves as a reviewer for all major medical journals and teaches evidence-based cardiology and ECG interpretation at all levels. Dr Rawshani is currently the co-director of the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Registry.

Dr. Rawshani is passionate about clinical research and teaching. With over 15 years of experience in the field. Dr. Rawshani received his medical degree from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Dr. Rawshani currently conducts research at The Wallenberg Centre for Molecular and Translational Medicine at the University of Gothenburg, with active research in developing clinical prediction models for sudden cardiac arrest, ECG interpretation, and automated interpretation of coronary angiograms.

Publications 

The role of admission electrocardiogram in predicting outcome in patients hospitalized for COVID-19.
Zeijlon R, Hällgren P, Le V, Chamat J, Wågerman J, Enabtawi I, Rawshani A, Unenge S, Jha S, Omerovic E, Redfors B.J Electrocardiol. 2022 Nov-Dec;75:10-18. doi: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2022.10.005. Epub 2022 Oct 17.PMID: 36272351 Free PMC article.
 
Characteristics, survival and neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide study of 56,203 cases with emphasis on cardiovascular comorbidities.
Rawshani A, Hessulf F, Völz S, Dworeck C, Odenstedt J, Råmunddal T, Hirlekar G, Petursson P, Angerås O, Ioanes D, Myredal A.Resusc Plus. 2022 Aug 24;11:100294. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100294. eCollection 2022 Sep.PMID: 36059386 Free PMC article.
 
The association between signs of medical distress preceding in-hospital cardiac arrest and 30-day survival – A register-based cohort study.
Thuccani M, Rawshani A, Skoglund K, Bergh N, Nordberg P, Albert M, Rosengren A, Herlitz J, Rylander C, Lundgren P.Resusc Plus. 2022 Aug 12;11:100289. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100289. eCollection 2022 Sep.PMID: 36017060 Free PMC article.
 
BMP4 and Gremlin 1 regulate hepatic cell senescence during clinical progression of NAFLD/NASH.
Baboota RK, Rawshani A, Bonnet L, Li X, Yang H, Mardinoglu A, Tchkonia T, Kirkland JL, Hoffmann A, Dietrich A, Boucher J, Blüher M, Smith U.Nat Metab. 2022 Aug;4(8):1007-1021. doi: 10.1038/s42255-022-00620-x. Epub 2022 Aug 22.PMID: 35995996 Free PMC article.
 
Range of Risk Factor Levels, Risk Control, and Temporal Trends for Nephropathy and End-stage Kidney Disease in Patients With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Halminen J, Sattar N, Rawshani A, Eliasson B, Eeg-Olofsson K, Bhatt DL, Rawshani A.Diabetes Care. 2022 Oct 1;45(10):2326-2335. doi: 10.2337/dc22-0926.PMID: 35984439
 
Trends in survival after cardiac arrest: a Swedish nationwide study over 30 years.
Jerkeman M, Sultanian P, Lundgren P, Nielsen N, Helleryd E, Dworeck C, Omerovic E, Nordberg P, Rosengren A, Hollenberg J, Claesson A, Aune S, Strömsöe A, Ravn-Fischer A, Friberg H, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Eur Heart J. 2022 Dec 7;43(46):4817-4829. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehac414.PMID: 35924401 Free PMC article.
 
Association between type of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A machine learning study.
Jerkeman M, Lundgren P, Omerovic E, Strömsöe A, Riva G, Hollenberg J, Nivedahl P, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Resusc Plus. 2022 Jun 14;10:100245. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100245. eCollection 2022 Jun.PMID: 35734307 Free PMC article.
 
 
Left-Sided Degenerative Valvular Heart Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani A, Sattar N, McGuire DK, Wallström O, Smith U, Borén J, Bergström G, Omerovic E, Rosengren A, Eliasson B, Bhatt DL, Rawshani A.Circulation. 2022 Aug 2;146(5):398-411. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.058072. Epub 2022 Jun 9.PMID: 35678729
 
Comparing effects of obesity treatment with very low energy diet and bariatric surgery after 2 years: a prospective cohort study.
Höskuldsdottir G, Engström M, Rawshani A, Lenér F, Wallenius V, Fändriks L, Mossberg K, Eliasson B.BMJ Open. 2022 Apr 8;12(4):e053242. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053242.PMID: 35396282 Free PMC article.
 
Clinical characteristics and survival in patients with heart failure experiencing in hospital cardiac arrest.
Aune E, McMurray J, Lundgren P, Sattar N, Israelsson J, Nordberg P, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Sci Rep. 2022 Apr 5;12(1):5685. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-09510-4.PMID: 35383220 Free PMC article.
 
Characteristics and motivational factors for joining a lay responder system dispatch to out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.
Högstedt A, Thuccani M, Carlström E, Claesson A, Bremer A, Ravn-Fischer A, Berglund E, Ringh M, Hollenberg J, Herlitz J, Rawshani A, Lundgren P.Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2022 Mar 24;30(1):22. doi: 10.1186/s13049-022-01009-1.PMID: 35331311 Free PMC article.
 
Adult cardiac arrest in the emergency department – A Swedish cohort study.
Kimblad H, Marklund J, Riva G, Rawshani A, Lauridsen KG, Djärv T.Resuscitation. 2022 Jun;175:105-112. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2022.03.015. Epub 2022 Mar 18.PMID: 35314209 Free article.
 
Temporal trends in characteristics and outcome of heart failure patients with and without significant coronary artery disease.
Bollano E, Redfors B, Rawshani A, Venetsanos D, Völz S, Angerås O, Ljungman C, Alfredsson J, Jernberg T, Råmunddal T, Petursson P, Smith JG, Braun O, Hagström H, Fröbert O, Erlinge D, Omerovic E.ESC Heart Fail. 2022 Jun;9(3):1812-1822. doi: 10.1002/ehf2.13875. Epub 2022 Mar 8.PMID: 35261201 Free PMC article.
 
Better outcomes from exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in males and in the young: findings from the Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Frisk Torell M, Strömsöe A, Herlitz J, Claesson A, Rawshani A, Borjesson M.Br J Sports Med. 2022 Feb 19;56(18):1026-31. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2021-105151. Online ahead of print.PMID: 35184038 Free PMC article.
 
Cardiorenal function and survival in in-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide study of 22,819 cases.
Berglund S, Andreasson A, Rawshani A, Hirlekar G, Lundgren P, Angerås O, Mandalenakis Z, Redfors B, Holm A, Hagberg E, Ricksten SE, Friberg H, Gustafsson L, Dworeck C, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Resuscitation. 2022 Mar;172:9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.12.037. Epub 2022 Jan 11.PMID: 35031390 Free article.
 
The predictive power of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) 2, as compared to NEWS, among patients assessed by a Rapid response team: A prospective multi-centre trial.
Thorén A, Joelsson-Alm E, Spångfors M, Rawshani A, Kahan T, Engdahl J, Jonsson M, Djärv T.Resusc Plus. 2021 Dec 24;9:100191. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2021.100191. eCollection 2022 Mar.PMID: 35005661 Free PMC article.
 
[The role of prehospital emergency care in Sweden has changed – patient safety has become a key issue].
Herlitz J, Magnusson C, Andersson Hagiwara M, Lundgren P, Larsson G, Rawshani A, Axelsson C.Lakartidningen. 2021 Nov 30;118:21119.PMID: 34861043 Free article. Swedish.
 
Cohort study of the characteristics and outcomes in patients with COVID-19 and in-hospital cardiac arrest.
Holm A, Jerkeman M, Sultanian P, Lundgren P, Ravn-Fischer A, Israelsson J, Giesecke J, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.BMJ Open. 2021 Nov 30;11(11):e054943. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054943.PMID: 34848525 Free PMC article.
 
Inequalities in Income and Education Are Associated With Survival Differences After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Nationwide Observational Study.
Jonsson M, Härkönen J, Ljungman P, Nordberg P, Ringh M, Hirlekar G, Rawshani A, Herlitz J, Ljung R, Hollenberg J.Circulation. 2021 Dec 14;144(24):1915-1925. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.056012. Epub 2021 Nov 12.PMID: 34767462 Free PMC article.
 
Treatment and survival following in-hospital cardiac arrest: does patient ethnicity matter?
Agerström J, Carlsson M, Bremer A, Herlitz J, Rawshani A, Årestedt K, Israelsson J.Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2022 Jun 2;21(4):341-347. doi: 10.1093/eurjcn/zvab079.PMID: 34524428
 
The BAriatic surgery SUbstitution and nutrition (BASUN) population: a data-driven exploration of predictors for obesity.
Höskuldsdóttir G, Engström M, Rawshani A, Wallenius V, Lenér F, Fändriks L, Mossberg K, Eliasson B.BMC Endocr Disord. 2021 Sep 10;21(1):183. doi: 10.1186/s12902-021-00849-9.PMID: 34507573 Free PMC article.
 
 
Identification of markers that distinguish adipose tissue and glucose and insulin metabolism using a multi-modal machine learning approach.
Henninger J, Eliasson B, Smith U, Rawshani A.Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 23;11(1):17050. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-95688-y.PMID: 34426590 Free PMC article.
 
Characteristics and outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with the emphasis on workplaces: an observational study from the Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Bylow H, Rawshani A, Claesson A, Lepp M, Herlitz J.Resusc Plus. 2021 Feb 18;5:100090. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2021.100090. eCollection 2021 Mar.PMID: 34223355 Free PMC article.
 
Trajectories in HbA1c and other risk factors among adults with type 1 diabetes by age at onset.
Edqvist J, Rawshani ARawshani A, Adiels M, Franzén S, Bjorck L, Svensson AM, Lind M, Sattar N, Rosengren A.BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2021 May;9(1):e002187. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2021-002187.PMID: 34059526 Free PMC article.
 
Severe COVID-19 in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes in Sweden: A nationwide retrospective cohort study.
Rawshani A, Kjölhede EA, Rawshani A, Sattar N, Eeg-Olofsson K, Adiels M, Ludvigsson J, Lindh M, Gisslén M, Hagberg E, Lappas G, Eliasson B, Rosengren A.Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2021 May;4:100105. doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100105. Epub 2021 Apr 30.PMID: 33969336 Free PMC article.
 
Effects of nutrition education using a food-based approach, carbohydrate counting or routine care in type 1 diabetes: 12 months prospective randomized trial.
Sterner Isaksson S, Bensow Bacos M, Eliasson B, Thors Adolfsson E, Rawshani A, Lindblad U, Jendle J, Berglund A, Lind M, Axelsen M.BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2021 Mar;9(1):e001971. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001971.PMID: 33789909 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.
 
Handling time elements for in-hospital cardiac arrest.
Sultanian P, Lundgren P, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Eur Heart J. 2021 Apr 14;42(15):1530-1531. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehab163.PMID: 33755105 Free PMC article. No abstract available.
 
 
National coverage of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests using automated external defibrillator-equipped drones – A geographical information system analysis.
Schierbeck S, Nord A, Svensson L, Rawshani A, Hollenberg J, Ringh M, Forsberg S, Nordberg P, Hilding F, Claesson A.Resuscitation. 2021 Jun;163:136-145. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.02.040. Epub 2021 Mar 3.PMID: 33675868 Free article.
 
Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality.
Jenkins DJA, Dehghan M, Mente A, Bangdiwala SI, Rangarajan S, Srichaikul K, Mohan V, Avezum A, Díaz R, Rosengren A, Lanas F, Lopez-Jaramillo P, Li W, Oguz A, Khatib R, Poirier P, Mohammadifard N, Pepe A, Alhabib KF, Chifamba J, Yusufali AH, Iqbal R, Yeates K, Yusoff K, Ismail N, Teo K, Swaminathan S, Liu X, Zatońska K, Yusuf R, Yusuf S; PURE Study Investigators.N Engl J Med. 2021 Apr 8;384(14):1312-1322. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2007123. Epub 2021 Feb 24.PMID: 33626252
 
Cardiac arrest in COVID-19: characteristics and outcomes of in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. A report from the Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Sultanian P, Lundgren P, Strömsöe A, Aune S, Bergström G, Hagberg E, Hollenberg J, Lindqvist J, Djärv T, Castelheim A, Thorén A, Hessulf F, Svensson L, Claesson A, Friberg H, Nordberg P, Omerovic E, Rosengren A, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Eur Heart J. 2021 Mar 14;42(11):1094-1106. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa1067.PMID: 33543259 Free PMC article.
 
The influence of age and gender on delay to treatment and its association with survival after out of hospital cardiac arrest.
Al-Dury N, Rawshani A, Karlsson T, Herlitz J, Ravn-Fischer A.Am J Emerg Med. 2021 Apr;42:198-202. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.11.033. Epub 2020 Nov 18.PMID: 33234358 Free article. No abstract available.
 
Changes over time in 30-day survival and the incidence of shockable rhythms after in-hospital cardiac arrest – A population-based registry study of nearly 24,000 cases.
Adielsson A, Djärv T, Rawshani A, Lundin S, Herlitz J.Resuscitation. 2020 Dec;157:135-140. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.10.015. Epub 2020 Oct 24.PMID: 33191207 Free article.
 
Shortening Ambulance Response Time Increases Survival in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.
Holmén J, Herlitz J, Ricksten SE, Strömsöe A, Hagberg E, Axelsson C, Rawshani A.J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 Nov 3;9(21):e017048. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.120.017048. Epub 2020 Oct 27.PMID: 33107394 Free PMC article.
 
A national observation study of cancer incidence and mortality risks in type 2 diabetes compared to the background population over time.
Bjornsdottir HH, Rawshani ARawshani A, Franzén S, Svensson AM, Sattar N, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 15;10(1):17376. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-73668-y.PMID: 33060631 Free PMC article.
 
Survival after dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Riva G, Jonsson M, Ringh M, Claesson A, Djärv T, Forsberg S, Nordberg P, Rubertsson S, Rawshani A, Nord A, Hollenberg J.Resuscitation. 2020 Dec;157:195-201. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.08.125. Epub 2020 Sep 10.PMID: 32918983 Free article.
 
Adherence to guidelines is associated with improved survival following in-hospital cardiac arrest.
Hessulf F, Herlitz J, Rawshani A, Aune S, Israelsson J, Södersved-Källestedt ML, Nordberg P, Lundgren P, Engdahl J.Resuscitation. 2020 Oct;155:13-21. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.07.009. Epub 2020 Jul 21.PMID: 32707144 Free article.
 
Identifying the relative importance of predictors of survival in out of hospital cardiac arrest: a machine learning study.
Al-Dury N, Ravn-Fischer A, Hollenberg J, Israelsson J, Nordberg P, Strömsöe A, Axelsson C, Herlitz J, Rawshani A.Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2020 Jun 25;28(1):60. doi: 10.1186/s13049-020-00742-9.PMID: 32586339 Free PMC article.
 
Adipose tissue morphology, imaging and metabolomics predicting cardiometabolic risk and family history of type 2 diabetes in non-obese men.
Rawshani A, Eliasson B, Rawshani A, Henninger J, Mardinoglu A, Carlsson Å, Sohlin M, Ljungberg M, Hammarstedt A, Rosengren A, Smith U.Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 19;10(1):9973. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-66199-z.PMID: 32561768 Free PMC article.
 
Health-related quality of life after surviving an out-of-hospital compared to an in-hospital cardiac arrest: A Swedish population-based registry study.
Djärv T, Bremer A, Herlitz J, Israelsson J, Cronberg T, Lilja G, Rawshani A, Årestedt K.Resuscitation. 2020 Jun;151:77-84. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.04.002. Epub 2020 Apr 12.PMID: 32294490 Free article.
 
ECG-monitoring of in-hospital cardiac arrest and factors associated with survival.
Thorén A, Rawshani A, Herlitz J, Engdahl J, Kahan T, Gustafsson L, Djärv T.Resuscitation. 2020 May;150:130-138. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.03.002. Epub 2020 Mar 21.PMID: 32209378
 
Cardiac arrest after pulmonary aspiration in hospitalised patients: a national observational study.
Albert M, Herlitz J, Rawshani A, Ringh M, Claesson A, Djärv T, Nordberg P.BMJ Open. 2020 Mar 19;10(3):e032264. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032264.PMID: 32198299 Free PMC article.
 
Comorbidity and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Hirlekar G, Jonsson M, Karlsson T, Bäck M, Rawshani A, Hollenberg J, Albertsson P, Herlitz J.Heart. 2020 Jul;106(14):1087-1093. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2019-315954. Epub 2020 Jan 23.PMID: 31974211 Free PMC article.
 
Contrasting Associations of Body Mass Index and Hemoglobin A1c on the Excess Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction and Heart Failure in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Edqvist J, Rawshani A, Adiels M, Björck L, Lind M, Svensson AM, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Sattar N, Rosengren A.J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 Dec 17;8(24):e013871. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.119.013871. Epub 2019 Dec 10.PMID: 31818213 Free PMC article.
 
Response by Sattar et al to Letters Regarding Article, “Age at Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associations With Cardiovascular and Mortality Risks”.
Sattar N, Rawshani A, Franzen S.Circulation. 2019 Oct 15;140(16):e724-e725. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.042457. Epub 2019 Oct 14.PMID: 31609663 No abstract available.
 
Correction to: Short-term progression of cardiometabolic risk factors in relation to age at type 2 diabetes diagnosis: a longitudinal observational study of 100,606 individuals from the Swedish National Diabetes Register.
Steinarsson AO, Rawshani A, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Franzén S, Svensson AM, Sattar N.Diabetologia. 2019 Nov;62(11):2166-2167. doi: 10.1007/s00125-019-04992-w.PMID: 31478082 Free PMC article.
 
BMI, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes: Findings Against an Obesity Paradox.
Edqvist J, Rawshani A, Adiels M, Björck L, Lind M, Svensson AM, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Sattar N, Rosengren A.Diabetes Care. 2019 Jul;42(7):1297-1304. doi: 10.2337/dc18-1446. Epub 2019 May 2.PMID: 31048408
 
Age at Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Associations With Cardiovascular and Mortality Risks.
Sattar N, Rawshani A, Franzén S, Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Rosengren A, McGuire DK, Eliasson B, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Circulation. 2019 May 7;139(19):2228-2237. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.037885.PMID: 30955347
 
Excess mortality and cardiovascular disease risk in type 1 diabetes – Authors’ reply.
Rawshani A, Sattar N, Franzén S, Rawshani A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Lancet. 2019 Mar 9;393(10175):985-986. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33061-7.PMID: 30860049 No abstract available.
 
Relative Prognostic Importance and Optimal Levels of Risk Factors for Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Sattar N, Franzén S, McGuire DK, Eliasson B, Svensson AM, Zethelius B, Miftaraj M, Rosengren A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Circulation. 2019 Apr 16;139(16):1900-1912. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.037454.PMID: 30798638 Free article.
 
Smoking and Other Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.N Engl J Med. 2018 Dec 27;379(26):2575. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1812842.PMID: 30586516 No abstract available.
 
Pulseless electrical activity is associated with improved survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with initial non-shockable rhythm.
Bergström M, Schmidbauer S, Herlitz J, Rawshani A, Friberg H.Resuscitation. 2018 Dec;133:147-152. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.10.018. Epub 2018 Oct 21.PMID: 30352246
 
Survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is associated with area-level socioeconomic status.
Jonsson M, Härkönen J, Ljungman P, Rawshani A, Nordberg P, Svensson L, Herlitz J, Hollenberg J.Heart. 2019 Apr;105(8):632-638. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313838. Epub 2018 Oct 16.PMID: 30327393
 
Excess mortality and cardiovascular disease in young adults with type 1 diabetes in relation to age at onset: a nationwide, register-based cohort study.
Rawshani A, Sattar N, Franzén S, Rawshani A, Hattersley AT, Svensson AM, Eliasson B, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Lancet. 2018 Aug 11;392(10146):477-486. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31506-X. Epub 2018 Aug 9.PMID: 30129464 Free PMC article.

Risk Factors, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Franzén S, Sattar N, Eliasson B, Svensson AM, Zethelius B, Miftaraj M, McGuire DK, Rosengren A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 16;379(7):633-644. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1800256.PMID: 30110583 Free article.
 
Excess risk of hospitalisation for heart failure among people with type 2 diabetes.
Rosengren A, Edqvist J, Rawshani A, Sattar N, Franzén S, Adiels M, Svensson AM, Lind M, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Diabetologia. 2018 Nov;61(11):2300-2309. doi: 10.1007/s00125-018-4700-5. Epub 2018 Aug 9.PMID: 30094466 Free PMC article.
 
Short-term progression of cardiometabolic risk factors in relation to age at type 2 diabetes diagnosis: a longitudinal observational study of 100,606 individuals from the Swedish National Diabetes Register.
Steinarsson AO, Rawshani A, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Franzén S, Svensson AM, Sattar N.Diabetologia. 2018 Mar;61(3):599-606. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4532-8. Epub 2018 Jan 9.PMID: 29318343 Free PMC article.
 
BMI and Mortality in Patients With New-Onset Type 2 Diabetes: A Comparison With Age- and Sex-Matched Control Subjects From the General Population.
Edqvist J, Rawshani A, Adiels M, Björck L, Lind M, Svensson AM, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Sattar N, Rosengren A.Diabetes Care. 2018 Mar;41(3):485-493. doi: 10.2337/dc17-1309. Epub 2018 Jan 3.PMID: 29298801 Free article.
 
Association between use of pre-hospital ECG and 30-day mortality: A large cohort study of patients experiencing chest pain.
Rawshani N, Rawshani A, Gelang C, Herlitz J, Bång A, Andersson JO, Gellerstedt M.Int J Cardiol. 2017 Dec 1;248:77-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.06.032. Epub 2017 Aug 30.PMID: 28864133
 
Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.N Engl J Med. 2017 Jul 20;377(3):300-301. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1706292.PMID: 28723317 No abstract available.
 
Metabolic characteristics of individuals at a high risk of type 2 diabetes – a comparative cross-sectional study.
Henninger J, Rawshani A, Hammarstedt A, Eliasson B.BMC Endocr Disord. 2017 Jul 14;17(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s12902-017-0191-5.PMID: 28705209 Free PMC article.
 
Characteristics and outcome among 14,933 adult cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide study with the emphasis on gender and age.
Al-Dury N, Rawshani A, Israelsson J, Strömsöe A, Aune S, Agerström J, Karlsson T, Ravn-Fischer A, Herlitz J.Am J Emerg Med. 2017 Dec;35(12):1839-1844. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2017.06.012. Epub 2017 Jun 7.PMID: 28624147
 
Range of Risk Factor Levels: Control, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Franzén S, Eliasson B, Svensson AM, Miftaraj M, McGuire DK, Sattar N, Rosengren A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Circulation. 2017 Apr 18;135(16):1522-1531. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.025961. Epub 2017 Feb 22.PMID: 28416524 Free PMC article.
 
Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani ARawshani A, Franzén S, Eliasson B, Svensson AM, Miftaraj M, McGuire DK, Sattar N, Rosengren A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.N Engl J Med. 2017 Apr 13;376(15):1407-1418. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1608664.PMID: 28402770 Free article.
 
Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Katsarou A, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Rawshani A, Dabelea D, Bonifacio E, Anderson BJ, Jacobsen LM, Schatz DA, Lernmark Å.Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2017 Mar 30;3:17016. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2017.16.PMID: 28358037 Review.
 
Cephalic phase of insulin secretion in response to a meal is unrelated to family history of type 2 diabetes.
Eliasson B, Rawshani A, Axelsen M, Hammarstedt A, Smith U.PLoS One. 2017 Mar 13;12(3):e0173654. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173654. eCollection 2017.PMID: 28288176 Free PMC article.
 
Emergency medical dispatch priority in chest pain patients due to life threatening conditions: A cohort study examining circadian variations and impact of the education.
Rawshani A, Rawshani N, Gelang C, Andersson JO, Larsson A, Bång A, Herlitz J, Gellerstedt M.Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jun 1;236:43-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.02.047. Epub 2017 Feb 16.PMID: 28237735
 
Could prioritisation by emergency medicine dispatchers be improved by using computer-based decision support? A cohort of patients with chest pain.
Gellerstedt M, Rawshani N, Herlitz J, Bång A, Gelang C, Andersson JO, Larsson A, Rawshani A.Int J Cardiol. 2016 Oct 1;220:734-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.06.281. Epub 2016 Jun 29.PMID: 27393857
 
Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Mortality, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.
Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Zethelius B, Eliasson B, Rosengren A, Gudbjörnsdottir S.JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Aug 1;176(8):1146-54. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.2940.PMID: 27367969
 
Indications for Insulin Pump Therapy in Type 1 Diabetes and Associations With Glycemic Control.
Jendle JH, Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Avdic T, Gudbjörnsdóttir S.J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2016 Aug 22;10(5):1027-33. doi: 10.1177/1932296816650209. Print 2016 Sep.PMID: 27226388 Free PMC article.

Association Between Use of Lipid-Lowering Therapy and Cardiovascular Diseases and Death in Individuals With Type 1 Diabetes.
Hero C, Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Franzén S, Eliasson B, Eeg-Olofsson K, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Diabetes Care. 2016 Jun;39(6):996-1003. doi: 10.2337/dc15-2450. Epub 2016 Apr 18.PMID: 27208327
 
Recent trends in life expectancy for people with type 1 diabetes in Sweden.
Petrie D, Lung TW, Rawshani A, Palmer AJ, Svensson AM, Eliasson B, Clarke P.Diabetologia. 2016 Jun;59(6):1167-76. doi: 10.1007/s00125-016-3914-7. Epub 2016 Apr 5.PMID: 27044338
 
Could ten questions asked by the dispatch center predict the outcome for patients with chest discomfort?
Rawshani N, Rawshani A, Gelang C, Herlitz J, Bång A, Andersson JO, Gellerstedt M.Int J Cardiol. 2016 Apr 15;209:223-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.02.011. Epub 2016 Feb 2.PMID: 26897074
 
Metabolic predictors of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes in a predisposed population–A prospective cohort study.
Henninger J, Hammarstedt A, Rawshani A, Eliasson B.BMC Endocr Disord. 2015 Sep 25;15:51. doi: 10.1186/s12902-015-0048-8.PMID: 26407933 Free PMC article.
 
Long-term excess risk of heart failure in people with type 1 diabetes: a prospective case-control study.
Rosengren A, Vestberg D, Svensson AM, Kosiborod M, Clements M, Rawshani A, Pivodic A, Gudbjörnsdottir S, Lind M.Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Nov;3(11):876-85. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(15)00292-2. Epub 2015 Sep 18.PMID: 26388415
 
Insulin pump therapy, multiple daily injections, and cardiovascular mortality in 18,168 people with type 1 diabetes: observational study.
Steineck I, Cederholm J, Eliasson B, Rawshani A, Eeg-Olofsson K, Svensson AM, Zethelius B, Avdic T, Landin-Olsson M, Jendle J, Gudbjörnsdóttir S; Swedish National Diabetes Register.BMJ. 2015 Jun 22;350:h3234. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h3234.PMID: 26100640 Free PMC article.
 
Impact of ethnicity on progress of glycaemic control in 131,935 newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes: a nationwide observational study from the Swedish National Diabetes Register.
Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Rosengren A, Zethelius B, Eliasson B, Gudbjörnsdottir S.BMJ Open. 2015 Jun 5;5(6):e007599. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007599.PMID: 26048210 Free PMC article.
 
Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in 24,947 Individuals With Type 1 Diabetes.
Rawshani A, Svensson AM, Rosengren A, Eliasson B, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Diabetes Care. 2015 Aug;38(8):1518-27. doi: 10.2337/dc15-0145. Epub 2015 May 13.PMID: 25972573
 
Characteristics and outcome among patients who dial for the EMS due to chest pain.
Rawshani A, Larsson A, Gelang C, Lindqvist J, Gellerstedt M, Bång A, Herlitz J.Int J Cardiol. 2014 Oct 20;176(3):859-65. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.08.004. Epub 2014 Aug 8.PMID: 25176629
 
The incidence of diabetes among 0-34 year olds in Sweden: new data and better methods.
Rawshani A, Landin-Olsson M, Svensson AM, Nyström L, Arnqvist HJ, Bolinder J, Gudbjörnsdottir S.Diabetologia. 2014 Jul;57(7):1375-81. doi: 10.1007/s00125-014-3225-9. Epub 2014 Apr 9.PMID: 24710965 Free PMC article.
 
Characteristics of and outcome for patients with chest pain in relation to transport by the emergency medical services in a 20-year perspective.
Thang ND, Karlson BW, Bergman B, Santos M, Karlsson T, Bengtson A, Johanson P, Rawshani A, Herlitz J.Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Nov;30(9):1788-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2012.02.014. Epub 2012 May 23.PMID: 22633724
 
Patients admitted to hospital with chest pain–changes in a 20-year perspective.
Thang ND, Karlson BW, Bergman B, Santos M, Karlsson T, Bengtson A, Johanson P, Rawshani A, Herlitz J.Int J Cardiol. 2013 Jun 5;166(1):141-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.10.014. Epub 2011 Nov 8.PMID: 22071042

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